Quail Breeds: Diseases, Remedy & Best 10 Breeds Information

Discussion about quail breeds, quail breed The Quail is a delicious bird that has been a favorite in ancient times and modern times.

There are many different species of Quail, and all of them have something special to offer. For example, Japanese Quail can withstand cold climates, while booby-traps are good at camouflage, making it difficult for predators to find them.

This article will discuss the different types of Quail that you can find. There are many different types of Quail, but we will focus on the top 10 most popular species.

Quail Breeds

Japanese Quail This is a small bird, also known as Coturnix japonica. It has a glossy appearance, and males have red-colored beards that extend from their face to their throat. They are native to Japan and China, where they inhabit the plains and mountainsides.

They are mostly found in the cities and can be seen in parks and gardens. The Japanese Quail lives in groups, but it is a solitary bird and will not compete with other members of its group. They like to nest on the ground, but they make their nests underground. They lay 4-8 white eggs.

If you want to raise Japanese Quail, then you will need a minimum of 10 square feet of grassy areas so that they can live without outside disturbance.

How To Identify Quail Breeds?

This is a very popular species of Quail that is also known as Coturnix Chinensis. These quails are small, but they have a very good flavor. They inhabit East and Southeast Asia. The wild variety of this bird can be found in China, Japan, and Indonesia.

Some can also be found in eastern Russia and the Himalayas. They look very similar to the Coturnix japonica, but they have reddish-brown color on their beards instead of the red color seen in the latter species.

Best Quail Breeds

Here Is The List Of The 10 Quail Breeds

1. Coturnix Quail

Coturnix quail are native to Asia. They live in the wild, but they are known to adapt well in captivity. They eat adult quails as well as insects.

Their eggs also make for an excellent snack. Coturnix quails are good for beginners raising birds as pets or for hobbyists who want to raise their birds for food purposes.

2. Java Quail

Java quail, also known as Blue Mountain Quail, can be found in Java, Indonesia. They inhabit mountainous regions where they eat a variety of grasses and feed grains.

Their population is still healthy, and they are hunted for food and raised in captivity on a small scale.

3. Japanese Painted Quail

Japanese painted quails are colorful birds found in East Asia, where they live around streams and marshes.

They have a lifespan of 2 to 3 years. They are fattened for food, and their beaks are cut off, which prevents them from reaching for food and forces them to eat from the ground.

4. Golden Pheasant Quail

Golden pheasant quails can be found in China and Southeast Asia, making their home in grasslands. Their populations are not threatened, and they are also reared in captivity for consumption purposes.

5. Fawn-Breasted Babbler Quail

Fawn-breasted babbler quails are native to Australia, where they eat grass and seeds. They are also reared in captivity, fattened as a food source. They lay 15 eggs on average, but the number may vary greatly.

5. Madagascar Quail

Madagascar quails live in Madagascar, where they inhabit forests and grasslands. They like to eat worms and insects, and their population is healthy. They lay 8-11 eggs, which hatch after an incubation period of 16 days.

7. Bobwhite Quail

Bobwhite quails are native to North America, where they only inhabit the eastern part of the continent.

They live on grasslands, but they can also be found in adjacent areas to forests and streams. They eat seeds and insects. They lay 12-15 eggs that are white in color and hatch after 18 days of incubation.

8. New Zealand Quail

New Zealand quails are sedentary birds that live in grasslands and forests. They eat seeds and insects.

The population of these birds is healthy and can be found in large numbers. They lay 8-15 eggs, which hatch after an incubation period of 14 days.

9. Lesser Painted Quail

Lesser painted quails are native to Madagascar, where they make their home in the lowland forests and grasslands and the mountain regions. They are omnivores and eat seeds, fruits, and insects.

Their population is healthy, and the ones reared for food purposes can be found in large numbers.

10. Ring-Necked Pheasant Breeds

Ring-necked pheasants are native to Asia, where they live in mountainous areas and forests. They are also known to inhabit wetlands where they feed on aquatic plants and insects. They lay 8-11 eggs that hatch after an incubation period of 16 days.

Common Quail Diseases

Most quails do not encounter any problems, and they live a long life. There is no specific quail disease, but some conditions can affect them.

One of the most common problems that they encounter are respiratory infections. It is caused by Mycoplasma gallisepticum, and it can be fatal if it is not addressed with proper treatment.

quail breeds

Viral infections are another common problem that affects quails. They get infected through bites from infected snails and worms.

The virus is known as Newcastle disease, which causes diarrhea and weight loss. It is often fatal, but there are many ways to prevent it.

Internal and external parasites are also common to Quail. Internal parasites include ticks and fleas, but external ones include lice, mites, and insect eggs.

Other diseases that affect quails are respiratory ailments such as pneumonia caused by bacteria called Mycoplasma gallisepticum.

Remedy For Quail Disease

Preventive measures can ensure that your quails are in the best of health. Please provide them with a healthy diet and never overfeed them, so they do not get worms or other parasites inside their bodies.

Place netting around their cages to protect them from predator attacks and keep the environment clean by removing any carcasses as they happen. At the first sign of disease, give your quails medication specifically designed for poultry.

What Is The Most Popular Quail?

Of all the quail breeds, Coturnix Quail are the most popular bird. They have a unique taste and can be prepared in many different ways. People who do not know how to cook these birds often eat them fried or roasted to give them a crisp texture.

They are smaller than common quails, making them easier to prepare for cooking purposes, which is why they appeal more to the general public than other quails.

What Is The Largest Breed Of Quail?

The largest Quail breed is the Coturnix Quail, which is native to China. They can grow to be more than 5 pounds, making for a very delicious, crunchy snack.

What Is The Smallest Breed Of Quail?

Smaller breeds are often preferable for small children in their households because they are easier to handle even when young. There is also a smaller chance of getting hit by cars, which can happen with larger breeds.

Which Quail Lay The Most Eggs?

Quails that can lay more than 100 eggs can be considered the best breed. The Giant Coturnix Quail is known to lay more than 200 eggs in a year, and they are one of the most popular breeds because of their outstanding egg-laying capabilities.

How Fast Do Quail Grow?

Quails grow at an average rate of 1 inch per week. They start small, but they rapidly mature until they reach adulthood before reaching a larger size. This process is also known as ‘grow out.

What Is The Best Breed Of Quail For Agriculture?

The best breed of Quail for agriculture purposes is the Coturnix Quail. They are not picky when it comes to what they eat, and they will eat a variety of grains, seeds, and other small foods suitable for stock feeds.

Special Notes

Now that you have read the article, you should understand that quails can be quite interesting. Quail breeding has been around for quite a while, but it is not well known outside Asia and Africa.

Besides the common Quail and Coturnix Quail, you may also struggle to find information on other quail breeds.

The information presented in this article is only a small fraction of what is known about this amazing bird species.


It is easy to see why quails are some of the most popular birds in the world. They are small, but they make up for their size with their high egg-laying abilities and interesting flavor.

Of all the quail breeds in the world, Coturnix Quail has made the greatest impact on farming and cooking. They are perhaps one of the most versatile creatures in existence. Thank you for reading this article.

Leave a Comment