The pigeon pea plant is a weed that grows in gardens, flower beds, and sidewalks. It is a member of the genus Clitoria. It is native to India and Pakistan but introduced worldwide as an invasive plant.
Pigeon peas are the common name for large edible seeds from an annual climbing plant with trailing stems reaching up to 3 meters long and bearing flowers tiny yellow blossoms in large clusters at ground level on stalks about 10 centimeters long.
The tadpole-shaped seeds are about one centimeter long and are a common ingredient in India’s curry dishes, stews, and soups.
The plant is also used as a green vegetable, both fresh and dried. The plant is also grown as a medicinal plant and encouraged to flourish in oilseed plantations, serving as an excellent bird deterrent.
How do pigeons plant pea plants?
Pigeon peas are annual vines grown for their edible seeds, which may be eaten as a vegetable.
Pigeon peas are an excellent source of protein, iron, and calcium. They are also high in vitamin B1 (thiamine).
The whole plant is considered toxic due to saponins and alkaloids. Seeds should be soaked in water overnight before use to remove these toxins.
The immature pods can also be eaten green, but the mature pods must be cooked thoroughly before eating. Pigeon pea seeds are generally boiled for 15-20 minutes, and the water discarded.
They are rich in protein, roughly 20% by weight. The proteins are of exceptionally high quality, with a good content of the essential amino acids.
What is Pigeon Pea Plant?
Many know the plant of common names, such as Indian pea, nodding pea, thread pea, and big-seeded legume.
It is native to India and Pakistan but introduced worldwide as an invasive plant. Pigeon peas are members of the family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae.
Are the seeds edible? Give reasons for your answer
Yes, pigeon peas are the common name for large edible seeds from an annual climbing plant with trailing stems reaching up to 3 meters long and bearing flowers tiny yellow blossoms in large clusters at ground level on stalks about 10 centimeters long.
The tadpole-shaped seeds are about one centimeter long and are a common ingredient in India’s curry dishes, stews, and soups. The plant is also used as a green vegetable, both fresh and dried.
How to march Nutrition Fact Pigeon Pea Plant
Here are the best 10 Nutrition Fact of Pigeon Pea Plant
1. Pigeon pea is a good source of protein. It is a source of all nine essential amino acids. Although the protein content is relatively low, this legume has sufficient amounts of soluble and insoluble dietary fiber, increasing and improving digestive health.
2. Pigeon peas are rich in calcium, phosphorus, and potassium.
3. This vegetable contains many trace elements like zinc, copper, manganese, and selenium, which are essential for producing proteins healthy hair follicles.
4. Pigeon peas are a good source of thiamin and riboflavin, which play a role in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates.
5. These seeds contain omega-3 fatty acids that have antioxidant effects.
6. Pon pea can fight against free radical damage caused by smoking, drinking, and eating unhealthy foods.
7. Mainly, Pigeon pea is a good source of dietary fiber that helps maintain good digestive health because of its soluble and insoluble forms.
8. Pigeon peas are a rich source of protein. On average, it contains 20% protein in the cooked seed. This fruit is very rich in amino acids, and amino acid composition is more than adequate for vegetarians and vegans, which indicates that they may be used to make food supplements.
9. Pigeon pea is a good source of vitamin C, Folate, and vitamin B-6.
10. Pigeon pea is rich in carotene and is a rich source of dietary fiber, which helps maintain good digestive health because of its soluble and insoluble forms.
Nutrition Fact Pigeon Pea Plant
The plant is rich in protein. One 100g serving of pigeon peas has 64 calories, 1g fat (of which 0.1g saturates), 92mg sodium, 11mg potassium, and 5.5g carbohydrate (of which 1.9g sugars), 1.4g dietary fiber, 0.1g salt, and 0.9g sugar.
Are Pigeon Peas are Edible?
Yes! The seeds are a versatile food ingredient – from curries to bread & smothers. They can also be pickled or ground into flour.
Why are pigeon peas better for health?
Pigeon pea is rich in thiamine and riboflavin, minerals and vitamins like niacin, A, B-6, and C, and a good source of dietary fiber. It contains significant amounts of protein. The plant also has antispasmodic properties and treats epilepsy and other neurodegenerative diseases.
Pigeon pea is a good source of dietary fiber. It can be used as a food ingredient. It also contains significant amounts of good-quality proteins and amino acids. This plant treats diseases, such as