Nagori cattle is a draught breed of cattle known to have originated in the Nagaur district of Rajasthan, India.
The cattle are raised in the desert areas of Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Maharashtra. The animals have high resistance to droughts and can sustain long periods without feed or water. The population of Nagori cattle is declining.
This breed is mainly used for agricultural purposes. They are also used for milk and meat purposes. The animals are profitable and are generally known as good draft animals.
The meat of these animals is used for food. Compared to the other draught breeds, nagor cattle make greater feed demands.
Still, they are more adaptable to changes in weather, more resistant to drought, and able to survive long periods without water than any other breed of draught cattle in India.
How to identify nagor cattle?
This is small in build animal and is not very tall. It has a square head and long-horned tusks. The long-horned species of nagori cattle are divided into two sub-species, nagori Malhi (northern nagori) and nagori Mohar (southern nagori).
Nagori cattle are found with both short and longhorns. Mature bulls weigh up to 400 kg, while cows weigh 180–240 kg.
They are generally black but can also be white or brown-black. The face and belly of the animal are white.
It is a very friendly animal, living in herds of 100 or more. Nagori cattle form tightly knit groups which their leaders lead.
Nagori cattle are generally friendly towards humans and can be tamed. These animals are also paining tolerant and can be trained for simple tasks such as pulling carts or plowing. The meat of nagori cattle is nutritious and can provide good nutrition to people who consume it.
Impact on the environment
The livestock industry is a major cause of deforestation. Cattle are particularly damaging to the environment because of their large size, consumption of large amounts of vegetation, and manure, which results in methane gas being released into the atmosphere.
Nagori cattle contribute to severe land degradation and deforestation. There is also a lack of grazing areas for these animals, resulting in an overgrazing problem. Nagori cattle can consume crops from fields if there is no other grazing land.
Isolation of the nagori from the wild is important in improving their genetic health. In the past, India has bred nagori cattle to increase their numbers, resulting in less genetic diversity. Some experts are concerned that this may be detrimental to their health in the future.
There are numerous problems with breeding Nagori Cattle and a very limited amount of scientific resources on them.
There is a large impact on the population of this breed by humans. These cattle are not protected and are not cared for.
They are subjected to poor breeding techniques, leading to inbreeding, making them more susceptible to illness.
The lifespan of the nagori cattle is 20-25 years.
The common diseases affecting cattle are foot and mouth disease, brucellosis, leptospirosis, rabies, tuberculosis, and tetanus.
The prevalence of the disease has been reduced by vaccination and a better understanding of their physiology. The lifespan is extended when there is a sufficient amount of food available.
Why are nagori cattle getting extinct?
The number of cattle is declining, and they are in danger of becoming extinct. Government officials controlled the breeding of these animals in a program known as the “nagori conservation and development program.” Nagori cattle are currently threatened by cross-breeding with exotic breeds.
The population of the cattle is decreasing year by year.
Impact of Nagori Cattle on Environment
The nagori cattle consumption of vegetation and crops can cause severe land degradation. They also contribute to severe animal diseases, a major cause of human mortality.
The meat of nagori cattle is considered a delicacy; however, consuming this animal is illegal in many states because the meat has been shown to contain Trichinella worm.
Problems with nagori cattle
The breed faces severe problems due to increased inbreeding, which leads to low fertility rates and a lack of genetic diversity.
There is also a severe decline in their numbers, and many of the remaining animals have developed health problems.
There is also a very low percentage of nagori cattle genetically deaf, lame, and blind. This is because they are poorly bred and have poor genetic diversity.
There is also an overpopulation of Nagori cattle, resulting in poor conditions with no access to water or grass.
Nagori cattle can also be found roaming freely on roads and ditches with little protection from traffic accidents such as animal attacks.
The cattle are becoming rarer every year. There are very few of these animals now, and the main causes for this are the loss of grazing land, under-valued meat and dairy products, lack of feed and water, which results in their deaths. The Nagori cattle can be used as a food source, but they are being exploited as beasts of burden.
The cattle are very healthy animals with good resistance to diseases. The skin of this animal is very tough, so it needs no treatment or medication.
This type of cattle has high disease resistance and is found in the desert areas of Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Maharashtra.
The cattle have been bred for centuries and resist stress from heat, cold, and thirst. The animals are hardy enough to survive on poor-quality fodder in a dry climate for long periods without getting sick.
The cattle are draught animals used for agricultural purposes. The animals can be used as a food source, but it has low demand.
The consumers do not highly appreciate the meat of Nagori cattle. There is also an issue with its disease resistance, as it is easily affected by tuberculosis and foot-and-mouth disease.
The animal has high resistance to drought and does not require expensive fodder or water to survive harsh conditions.
Farming Benefit of nagori cattle
Here are the Best 10 Farming Benefits of nagori cattle
1. Nagori Cattle are great for plowing. Mowing and farming can be easily done with Nagori Cattle, which offer excellent muscle power.
2. Nagori can be used as a source of food. They are generally docile and susceptible to disease, making them suitable for dairy products and meat production. The Nagori cattle meat is high in protein and contains many essential nutrients such as iron, calcium, zinc, magnesium, potassium, and phosphorous.
3. Nagori have few breeding seasons. Female Nagori Cattle can breed year-round, and there are no seasonal effects on their fertility. This reduces the cost of raising the animals and makes them a more lucrative investment.
4. Nagori can be used for medical purposes. Their hide is used for leather. Their horns are ground down for medicinal purposes, their feet are healthy and non-toxic, making them useful for herbalists to create medicine.
5. Nagori is easy to maintain. Caring for these animals is inexpensive as they require little feed or water and can survive on poor pastures.
6. Nagori can be used for producing fiber. Their hide has coarse fiber, which can be used to produce rope and their horns are a valuable source of ivory.
7. Nagori possess a strong immune system, making them resistant to disease and illness.
7. Nagori can be used for transportation. They are sturdy animals who can pull heavy loads and travel long distances.
8. Cattle have a calming effect on the human psyche. Their presence is often beneficial for reducing stress and anxiety levels, making them useful for therapeutic purposes.
9. Nagori Cattle can be used for meat production, dairy products, and hide production, which will help increase their overall value to farmers in a variety of ways
10. Nagori cattle have few feeding requirements. They do not require much feed or extra water and cheap, low-quality feed.
Review the full breed profile of the nagori cattle in the following table.
Best 10+ information:
|Dairy, Beef, and agricultural purposes.
|Country of Origin
|Black and white
|Dry area and cold.
|Good-tempered and calm.
There are several problems with Nagori cattle. The main problems are that they have very little genetic diversity and have overpopulated in the wrong regions.
There is also an issue with their breeding methods, which are not carefully controlled like other breeds, resulting in the loss of genetic diversity.
The Nagori cattle is an animal in the high-risk category of becoming extinct. This breed lacks genetic diversity, and it has not been bred carefully like other breeds.
The number of nagori cattle is decreasing every year, and it will soon become extinct if action is not taken to help them. Thank you for reading this article.