Japanese Quails: Best 10 Information

About Japanese quails: Japanese quails are a type of quail native to Japan. They are known for their high egg-laying rates and relatively low maintenance requirements. These birds lay from 250-to 290 eggs per year and can be kept as pets or raised commercially on farms.

On average, these birds have 2-5 years. And while they have brown feathers with cream spots in the summertime, they grow white feathers in the wintertime and are tawny brown during breeding time.

How To Identify Japanese Quails

*Note: in kept birds, the pure Japanese quail is rare. The two most common quails are the stark white and the blue-headed species.

*The pure Japanese quail has a head that is grey on top with a black stripe along its neck and a very long tail. The stripe helps to help distinguish it from the blue-headed species.

*The stark white Japanese quail has a completely pure white coat and can be confused with the blue-headed species. However, the pure strain is smaller than the blue-headed species.


Japanese quails are native to Japan and China, where they are found in the grasslands of Toyama and Nagano prefectures (in particular). They were distributed throughout the Asian continent by humans over a long period for their meat, eggs, and feathers.

Behavioral Physical Characteristics

Japanese quails are a ground-dwelling species, meaning they prefer to live on the ground. Their legs are designed to run, and their feet are designed to rotate so that they can run in any direction.

Their bodies are rather short, but their tails and necks have a long length (both of which help them keep warm). They have black eyes with white rings around them, pink beaks, and small heads.

The unique feature of Japanese quails is that they make the sound of several loud chirps.

As ground-dwelling birds, they walk similarly to that chickens. But there is one major difference: when they walk across the grass, they will use their legs and feet and walk upright. But when they are walking on more solid surfaces, such as pavement or sand, they will use their wings as supports and run on all fours.

Socialization And Temperament

Japanese quails are not known for being social birds. But they do have a pecking order, just like chickens.

Reproduction And Life Cycle

Japanese quails usually mate in the springtime, with mating occurring 4 times per year. They lay 90-250 eggs per year, and the incubation time lasts between 24-26 days.

Once hatched, the Japanese quail can fly at 2 weeks of age and needs 1–3 months to reach full maturity (though some breeds can take up to 4 years).


The Japanese quail is a popular domesticated bird. Many owners keep them as pets, as they are very easy to take care of. They have a high egg-laying rate and can breed at 6–8 weeks of age (much younger than most domesticated birds).

They are also a popular food source for many people in Japan and China.

In the United States, most Japanese quails raised commercially for meat come from California or Georgia.

Breeding System

The Japanese Quails Can Be Bred In Captivity By 3 Main Methods


The Japanese quail is a hardy bird, but it will still be attacked by predators if left outdoors. The main predators of Japanese quails are hawks, snakes, and lizards, who will attack their habitats when they have the chance.

However, it is easy to care for them regardless of their environment. They can be kept in a small space and need to be fed eggs and vegetables. They have a very high egg-laying rate and will lay from 90-to 250 eggs every year.

In rare cases, the Japanese quail has been known to contract the bird flu virus, which can cause them to die quickly if not treated.


The Japanese quails are omnivores, meaning they can eat various foods. While they do not eat meat, they eat vegetables, grains, and seeds. They prefer to eat leaves and grasses but will also eat fruits such as apples and pears.


The length of the Japanese quail is short (average of 1–2 feet).

Welfare Issues

Although the Japanese quail is a hardy bird, it is still vulnerable to attacks by predators when in the wild.

Special Notes

The Japanese quail can be a hardy bird, but if left in hot climates, the Japanese quail can go into heat and have to be artificially inseminated.

                                                                       Best 10 information

NameJapanese quails
Scientific NameCoturnix coturnix japonica
Family NameQuail
ColorWhite,brown,blue,black and gray
Weight (lb)26-28
Height (in)10-12 Size(multiply times inches):2.6×1.6×0.


Japanese quails are hardy birds, but they still need some attention, especially for their food. They prefer to eat eggs and vegetables but will also eat grasses and fruits.

The Japanese quail is a unique bird with a high egg-laying rate and can be kept in captivity easily. They are also known for making loud chirping sounds as a defense mechanism against predators or other challenges.

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