How To Start Fish Farming In Kenya: Best 10 Benefits

How To Start Fish Farming In Kenya

How to start fish farming in Kenya? This question is essential for fish farmers of Kenya. Many anglers have been pushed out of their profession because of foreign competition.

This causes low income, less food security, and insecurity to the families in Kenya. This challenge needs to be addressed for Kenya’s economy to grow and thrive.

Kenyan Fish farming has a lot of potentials mainly because there is a high demand for fish among the population in Kenya.

A Kenyan farming family has turned to fish farming as a means of sustainability. They use the water from the Luhya river to raise tilapia and other edible fish.

Fish farming, an emerging industry in Kenya, helps provide food for the country and employment opportunities for those living near rivers and lakes.

How To Start Fish Farming In Kenya

Kenya’s first commercial fish farm opened last year in Kisii county, located southeast of Nairobi.

What is fish farming?

Fish farming raises fish in a controlled, rectangular pond or tank and harvests the fish for food. Fish can be extended on small farm ponds or large-scale freshwater farms located in the open sea.

Commercial fishing has led to overfishing, so fish farming has become a more viable option for anglers who may find difficulty catching enough seafood if they rely solely on commercial fishing alone.

Fish farming involves several steps and is a lengthy process that can take up to five years to complete. The first step is the creation of a pond or tank.

Depending on the size of the tank, it can be made by digging or by building with concrete blocks. The next step is to stock the tank with fish.

These fish are usually ready to harvest after six months or so, depending on the species and conditions in which they are raised.

How to start fish farming in Kenya?

Fish are one of the best sources of new protein in many parts of the world. With so much demand for food security in Kenya – there are few better options than aquaponics.

But before you delve into this green-tech system, it’s essential to know what it entails and some potential disadvantages.

Business plan

To start this business, you need first to have experience in fish farming. Second, you need to have a website with many pictures of your products so people can see what it is supposed to look like.

Third, you need a place to keep the fish after they are grown. Fourth, you will need a place where the public can come and buy them.

How To Start Fish Farming In Kenya

fifth, someone will take care of them so they won’t die or get sick. And sixth, you need to know that starting a business like this can be very profitable if you take the time and effort to learn how to do it.

This is because many people use fish as a food source and will pay you for your fish. Fish farming in Kenya is a promising business venture.

The government of Kenya is implementing policies that support the development of fish farming as an industry.

Kenyan fish farming has a lot of potential in it mainly because there is a high demand for fish among the population in Kenya.

Pond preparation

Many farmers prefer to use fish ponds for fish farming because of how these ponds are designed. After sowing the seeds, farmers tend to take out any unripe or small seedlings with carefully installed nets.

This will ensure that the fish can grow undisturbed without being disturbed by other tiny seedlings. The nets must be cleaned every day as it may result in poor growth due to poor nutrition per unit area.

Fish farminG pond

The nets should be of the best quality, and the color shouldn’t be faded. Fishing nets are available in different sizes, depending on the fish farm size, so that farmers can find the right set of traps.

The fishnet must be very good in quality because it is an essential tool that will help in keeping the fish alive. Fish farming requires some specialized gear for cultivation, namely: a drill for fishing and an ake for dredging, which can also serve as a water level device.

Farming start season

There are different seasons when you can start your fish farming.

The best time to start is February, March, and April. It is best because it is a time when the soil is workable, the ponds can be easily prepared for sowing and release of fingerlings.

You can also start growing the fish during this time because it will be easier for them to feed on the growing plants.

How To Start Fish Farming In Kenya

About one month before you intend to harvest, reduce feeding and increase aeration so that water quality will not be affected.

In April and May, you can start harvesting the fish. As for the quantity of fish, you can decide on your own because places allow for different numbers of fish with different sizes.

Harvesting season (September – December) is an excellent time to harvest and take care of other things like selling the fish or transporting them to market.

During this season, you need to water just once a week. Aeration will be required every day to help keep the pond clean and good-looking.

Feed management

Fish feed is a significant issue, especially regarding high-value fish species. This is because fish will use the feed to grow and become larger more quickly.

The fish that are grown will also require more nutrients over their lifetime as they grow bigger, so farmers must maintain the quality of their fish feed.

Kenya’s fish farm

Fish feed is not just one type of feed, but there are different types of nutrients. These can be purchased from any retail shop.

Farmers commonly use these, and purchasing these can be done online or offline. Many online retailers offer a variety of fish feeds, and farmers can buy them from them. Some farmers prefer to buy these from other farmers.

Other care and management

If the fish is being raised in a fish farm, farmers should take care of the pond to ensure that it is well maintained and in good condition.

Pond management is not just about feeding the fish with good quality feed and maintaining their water quality.

Fisheries can be managed in many ways, such as weeding, cleaning, and checking the water environment.

The farmers can also check the daily stocking rates of different age groups of fish, determining whether they are giving enough stock.

There are many other care and management techniques that the farmers can use to get better output. Here are some of them;

Most fish species used for fish farming purposes do not require special care in terms of their food. Fish farmers can grow these species on a diet that they find appropriate.

It is essential to know what the best food is for a particular species to decide whether or not there is a market for it.


The products must be marketed before the fish can be sold. Marketing is essential because it will determine how successful a fish farm business venture will be.

Perfect for marketing

For a fish farmer to run a successful fish farm business, he must understand the local, national, and international market conditions in the area where he lives.

Fish farming challenges in Kenya

Fish farming has a lot of potential, mainly because there is a high demand for fish among the population in Kenya. Yet there are few challenges to fish farming in Kenya.

One of the significant challenges is the unavailability of enough water to maintain the fish farm. Another challenge is the lack of skills, knowledge, and experience required for the successful operation and management of the fish farm.

Most of the farmers in Kenya cultivate fish with low yields. Also, they don’t engage any professional to manage the farm properly as they believe it is not essential as others are investing a lot of money in fishing and farming.

Best 10 benefits of fish farming in Kenya

1. Fish farming provides income for local people.

2. Fish farming help communities to develop fish production and marketing system locally.

3. It is a good source of livelihood, and food supplements are also derived from fish farming.

4. Many fish species can be produced in Kenya, which helps in food security.

5. The primary purpose is to supply valuable protein sources to supplement the human diet and feed livestock such as poultry/livestock, bees, cattle, etc.

6. It is a cheap source of protein alternative for farmers.

7. Fish farming can be practiced in both rural and urban areas.

8. Fish farming can provide income, food, employment, and market linkages to the most vulnerable households such as women, youth, and the poor.

9. Fish farming helps in the reduction of poverty.

10. Fish farming can be done on a small scale or large scale, depending on the capital available.

11. It helps people in developing countries to establish their food economy.

12. It can be done in both rural and urban areas.

13. Fish farming is a good way of producing high-protein food for human consumption.

14. Fish can be grown throughout the year, unlike other animals.

How To Start Fish Farming In Kenya


How to start fish farming in Kenya is all about fish farming. By selecting the proper size for your fish pond, you can purchase a bio-filter from your local fish pond supplier.

This will help in keeping your water clean and having a healthy environment. Fish farming is a highly profitable business, but it requires a lot of hard work and perseverance to be successful in this type of business. ow To Start Fish Farming In Kenya. Thanks for reading How To Start Fish Farming In Kenya.

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