Female Quail :Best 10+ Characteristics

female quail

About Female Quail, Female Quails are bred and raised to lay eggs that are fertilized with male sperm and then incubated until they hatch into baby birds.

In addition to laying eggs, female Quail are also the more “glamorous” of the two. The female is distinguished by its brightly-colored plumage and beautiful, long tail feathers.

This Quail lay between 1-2 eggs per day, and they typically produce between 240-320 eggs in a year.

This Quail has an incubation period of 16 to 17 days before hatching into baby birds called chicks. Chicks will be fed by both the mother and father.

If a hen is not reproductively active, she’ll be used as a layer to create eggs or, in the case of hatching, chicks.

Female Quail

Our female Quail are generally docile. However, they may become territorial if they nest and hatch chicks.

If you plan to purchase them to raise chicks, remember that this is an added responsibility requiring you to keep them indoors in restricted quarters for about 8-12 weeks.

How to Identify Female Quail?

The Quail typically have longer tails than male Quail, and their feathers are also more colorful than males.

Additionally, the Quail has a higher pitch call than their male counterparts. Female Quail have a larger head area than their male counterparts making their heads look rounder.

Most Quail are born as males and will develop into males if not exposed to ” androgens, ” male hormonal agents.

If you want more females, separate the male Quail from the brood and make them live separately close to each other.

The difference in Behavior Female Quail

Female Quail are more friendly and bond easily with their kind, whereas male Quail tend to be more solitary. When the female Quail is ready, she will feel the urge to go out and start searching for a mate.

When she’s ready to mate, she will call her males to find them. Depending on the day of the week that they hatch, they may be in different stages of maturity.

Differences Between Male and Female Quail

Male Quail have blackheads and necks, while female Quail have buff-colored heads and necks. Males also have a longer, more erectile penis than that females. Male’s tails are always erect; females’ tails can be erect or fluffed up.

Female Quail Characteristics

Here are the best 10 Female Quail Characteristics

1. Females have a larger head or beak compared to males.

2. The female Quail’s feet are covered with feathers, unlike the male’s bare feet.

3. Quail have more colorful plumage than its male counterparts.

4. Female Quail has bright yellow and red feathers on top of the head and back of the neck and chest area (if you look carefully, you will spot it in between the lower parts of the thighs).

5. The female Quail has a distinctive purring sound (which can be confused with the sound of the male Quail if you don’t pay attention to their different pitch).

6. The female Quail is more docile and less aggressive than the male counterpart.

7. Female Quail tend to become territorial when they nest and hatch chicks.

8. Female Quail tend to be easier to handle than their male counterpart.

9. The female Quail’s face feathers look different than the male counterpart because she has a larger head and bigger eyes than the male

10. The female Quail has a longer tail than the male counterparts making their tail feathers look thicker (if you can see them, they will be easily distinguishable).

Tips on Feeding Female Quail:

  • This Quail will accept a wider variety of foods as compared to males.
  • These Quail eat more than males, which is an advantage from the perspective of cost savings and space use.
  • Quail are fastidious feeders. They don’t like roughage in their diet but do not appreciate litter grain, so they only provide it in limited quantities at the beginning of their ration.
  • Provide regular special feed consisting of a large proportion of vegetable protein, such as mustard and soybeans, to promote good feather growth and reproductive performance.
  • Female Quail readily consume feed that is offered free-choice and do not shy away from free-choice grain.
  • Offer female Quail a high-quality meal consisting of approximately two pounds of whole wheat, two ounces of soybeans, or the equivalent per pound of body weight daily (other grains may be used in smaller quantities).
  • It is always good to provide fresh water, grit, oyster shells, and salt for your female Quail.

Tips on Housing

  • Choose a coop that is large enough for the number of birds you have (for example, one square foot per bird) with perches and nesting areas if possible)
  • Position the coop in an area where it’s protected from predators and away from windy areas to reduce stress
  • If possible, provide a sheltered outdoor area for your birds to forage for insects, greens, and other items, giving them a chance to get vitamin D from the sun.
  • Provide fresh water and make sure the water container is cleaned at least once a week
  • If you plan to keep your quail chicks indoors for extended periods (8-12 weeks), then choose a coop that has wire grates on its floors (to allow droppings to fall through), allowing you easier clean up tasks
  • Make sure to provide fresh food and water at all times, and this is the most important thing you can do to ensure your female Quail’s health and happiness
  • The coop should be kept in good repair with no broken rungs or boards, etc.
  • The coop area needs to be cleaned regularly; it should not smell ammonia but instead a clean earthy scent like a cellar or an unheated basement (moisture can cause dangerous infections in unhealthy living conditions).
  • If you have more than 3 female quail in one coop, make sure there are at least 12 square feet per bird, or run into problems with aggressive or stressed birds.

Tips on Breeding

  • Please make sure the females are mature (older than 8 months) before attempting to breed them.
  • Separate your female Quail from the male Quail before they reach 8 months of age as they can get pregnant at this age
  • By the time your female Quail is 8 months of age, they can be bred in captivity.
  • If you want to breed your female Quail indoors, then do so during the spring and fall while they are at their lowest body temperatures
  • The best breeding season for female Quail is the beginning of spring (usually March) or late fall (usually September).
  • Females that have been kept all season indoors will need to be exposed to natural temperatures before they will start laying eggs and can go into heat. This means that you will want to take your female Quail outdoors for about a week before you want them to start laying so that they can adjust to the temperature and produce eggs.
  • The average clutch size is 12 – 14 eggs per clutch (this varies depending on the type of breed)
  • Incubation typically takes 22 days and requires 24-28 days (one day difference per egg).
  • If your female Quail are not properly cared for, they can become egg bound (a condition where the eggs are not released from the body) or die from starvation or dehydration.
  • Quail eggs can be left to hatch naturally in the incubator.
  • If you want to hatch outside of the incubator, place a well ventilated container like a shoe box with a screen cover on top and put your eggs in there (make sure there are holes in the cover so that air can get inside). 13. Place the container in a warm location for about three to four weeks (around 80-85 degrees Fahrenheit), turn the eggs once a day, and remove any dead or damaged eggs

Observe the Feamel quail During the Mating Season

The next time you have a chance to observe the female Quail during the mating season, you’ll know what you’re looking at. Most likely, you’ll know what males and females look like and be able to tell them apart. You will also understand a little bit more about the breeding process and the ways that females differ from males in terms of their appearance and their personalities.

Special notes

regarding the mating season: In many species of birds, males are more aggressive during the breeding season. This is true in the female Quail, too! Mating behavior displays characteristics of male Quail, including movements of their head feathers (to make them look larger), loud vocal calls, and “dances” in which they try to attract females. These are all behaviors that females do not exhibit in the mating season.


The female Quail is an interesting species that is easy to care for. It also allows you a lot of freedom regarding what you can do with it: you can keep it as pets, use them as food, experiment with breeding behavior, or even give your children a hands-on learning experience. Thank you very much for reading the article.

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