California Quails: Best 10 Farming Benefits

California Quails

About California Quails, California Quails are about 16 inches long, weigh about 10 ounces, and have a wingspan of 22-24 inches.

The California Quail (also known as Valley Quail) is a small game bird that lives in the western United States and parts of Mexico.

They are typically found on land around oak trees, heavy brush, and streamsides. They have dark feathers with a white stripe on the crown of the head; their eyes are red-brown.

How to Identify California Quails?

The female California quail is brown, with a brown back and buffy breast. They have a slight crest on the crown, evidenced by a black patch, which has white streaks. The feather on the back of their neck are black and look like a shawl.

On the other hand, the male is more vibrant in color with bold markings. They have jet-black upper plumage and a blue-grey face and throat; they also have brownish sides to their bodies with pale underbellies.

They are extremely small and can only be found in the wild when males arrive during the breeding season (usually in late summer).

They are quite shy and try to hide, so how you can find them may be difficult. On the other hand, the female is more vocal and has a higher-pitched call.

Distribution Camarillo California Quail: The Camarillo California Quail is a subspecies that lives in Ventura County.

California Quails Characteristics

It has an average of 2 chicks per clutch, but sometimes 4 or 5 may hatch. They are migratory and tend to migrate up north, then come south during their winter.

They can also be found in Big Canyon and Camarillo NWRs. They primarily live on acidic uplands with oak trees.

The Camarillo California Quail is not a federally listed species, but it is a state-protected species. San Luis Obispo California Quail: The San Luis Obispo

The appearance of California Quails

Quail live in oak woodlands and grassland at about 4,000 feet above sea level. They feed on seeds, berries, insects, and other invertebrates. They are often heard rather than seen since they prefer to hide from predators.

A California Quail is about 16 inches long, weighs about 10 ounces, and has a 22-24 inches wingspan.

The California Quail has dark feathers with a white stripe on the crown of the head; their eyes are red-brown. They love to eat berries, and their favorite food is the California bay tree. During the spring, summer, and fall, they are migratory birds who head to higher altitudes in search of food. During the winter, they migrate down into Southern California deserts in search of warmer weather.

Origin of California Quails

California Quail is a species of bird found in the western United States and parts of Mexico. They habituate open forests and brushy grasslands at about 4,000 feet above sea level.

Tall trees characterize their habitat, for example, oak and ash trees. They also like to live around streams or water sources.

California Quail can fly from the ground to the tops of tall trees where they will wait on a perch until they find seedlings to eat.

California Quails Diet

California Quails are omnivores. They are not a threat to farmers because they like ripening fruits more than grains or seedlings.

They love the seeds and berries of wild oats, mulberry, wild grape, buckwheat, kinnikinnick, and the California Bay tree. They have been known to eat insects like grasshoppers, crickets, ants, and termites.

The California Quail eats about 1/2 to 3/4 of an ounce of food a day. When food is scarce, they can go without eating for up to 15 days!

                                                         California Quail Quick  Facts

Name:California Quail
Scientific Name:Callipepla californica
Alternate Names:California Quail, Cal State, San Luis Quail, Valley Quail
Life span:2-3 years in the wild
Average Size:16″ and weighing 10 oz.
Average wingspan:22-24″
Average wingspan:22-24″

Food: Seeds, berries, insects, and other invertebrates. They like to eat the fruits of wild oats, mulberry, wild grape, buckwheat, and California bay tree.

Farming Benefit of California Quails

Here are the Best 10 Farming Benefits of California Quails

1. They lay eggs.

2. They are a live food for many species.

3. Quail are good for attracting ground-nesting birds like turkeys, grouse, and pheasants to your farm.

4. They tend to handle easily and do not take much space in your coop or aviary.

5. Quail are easier to raise than chickens.

6. They need less space than a chicken coop.

7. Bird feeder management is not needed, as they can eat the bugs and insects around your farm.

8. Quail do not scratch or leave droppings on the ground, thus making them ideal birds to keep in your backyard.

9. You do not have to feed them as often as chickens.

10. Quail are good for eating, so you can sell them for meat or use them in breeding programs.

Use of California Quail

Quail has been a popular choice for backyard bird keepers. They are quite easy to keep since they do not require much space and can be used in breeding programs.

With this introduction, you have now learned about their benefits and good farming techniques. So, what are you waiting for? Grab your quail and get started with the great life led by them.

What do they eat?

California Quail chicks are ready to leave the nest at only one week old. They will be quite tame and follow their mother closely as she forages.

The male California Quail will start building a new nest after the female has left. Chicks can start flying at four weeks old, and they will take over one week to fledge, which is when they leave their parents.

Foods that make up most of a California Quail’s diet are small seeds, berries, insects, and other invertebrates.

Breeding season:

The California Quail female builds the nest, but both parents work as a team to incubate the eggs. The male share the responsibility of incubating and raising the chicks. The breeding season is from February through October.


The eggs are white, and there can be 6-14 eggs per clutch. Each egg weighs about 1/8 of an ounce and is about 1″ long. The eggs are incubated for 11-13 days, but the female will stay with the chicks for a few weeks after leaving the nest.


Predators of these birds include animals like foxes, hawks, cats, and dogs. Humans also kill these birds because they consider their game.

How do they behave?

The California Quail is often mistaken for the Bobwhite, a bird found in both North and South America. The California Quail spends much of its time on the ground but can run rapidly.

They are also good fliers. The male quail is more vocal than the female and will call to attract mates and announce territories.

How do they live?

The distribution of this species spreads from southern Canada to Mexico. These birds usually live in open grasslands and prairies, but they are also found in agricultural areas such as grain fields, orchards, and vineyards. This migratory species will move to higher altitudes in the summer and lower ones in the winter.

Special note

In a country like India and nearby countries, quail are popularly used as pets. Also, they are quite easy to breed and need not be taken care of like chickens do. So, you can always try your hand at breeding them!


I hope this article on California Quail was very useful and helped you a lot. And also, I hope it was easy to understand. Please don’t forget to leave a comment and share this article with your friends and family. Thank you!

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