Black Bengal Goat: Characteristics & Best 10 Farming Benefits

About Black Bengal Goat, Black Bengal Goat are a breed of goat found in the eastern part of India and Bangladesh. The Black Bengal is typically a small goat, with does average at 100 lbs and bucks averaging 150 lbs. While considered small, these goats are very hardy and have been bred for generations to survive on their own without the help of humans in rough terrain.

The Black Bengal’s coat varies from ebony black to dark brown. This coat protects it from harsh sunlight, monsoon rains, and cool mountain winds. The skin of the Black Bengal is also tough and waterproof. Both sexes have horns but are much smaller on a doe than on a buck.

Goat farming is crucial in reducing unemployment and poverty, increasing meat or milk production, and earning currency from foreign countries. And Black Bengal goat is perfect for this campaign.

Characteristics Of Black Bengal Goat

  • Good in milk and meat production.
  • They are hardy, tough, and very good in natural barrier fencing.
  • Black Bengal goats are very easy to manage.
  • And also very easy to transport (via road, air or sea) easily.
  • Black Bengal goats have been used for more than 5000 years in India. Also, it has been used for foods and commercial goat products (milk, meat) in Bangladesh and Pakistan.

Farming Benefit Of Black Bengal Goat

1. Because of the small body size, females and males can both maintain easily.

2. They have long hair, which protects them from sun and rain, so one can keep this goat inside their house.

3. No special structure is needed for keeping.

4. One person can feed more than 10 Black Bengal Goats compared to another goat breed.

5. With good management, you can make about 10 liters of milk daily with a 15 to 20-liter yield for female goats.

6. This breed of goat takes less space for grazing, so it is an ideal species for a place with a limited grazing area.

7. With good management, their body weight and body temperature will reduce early, so it is the best species for retirement plan.

8. The body of this goat is more resistant to disease than other species so one can keep this breed of the cow also.

9. It has good milk quality with less fat, so it is best for pregnant women.

10. This breed of goat produces more milk than other species in India and Bangladesh so one can get income from milk and meat from this breed of goats.

Before Purchasing Goats For Business

If you have a business plan, you have enough money to purchase the goats for breeding, and farming, then invest in Black Bengal Goat farming. Because it is very profitable and easy to manage.   Here is brief information on Black Bengal Goats in points:

  • Black Bengal is an ancient breed of goat found in the eastern part of India and Bangladesh. It is native to that area and used by locals to produce meat, milk, fiber, and leather.
  • The Black Bengal is one of the oldest breeds of goat in the world. It is known to have been domesticated as early as 7000 BC in India and around 5000 BC in Bangladesh.
  • This breed of goat comes in black and brown colors, with one major difference being their coat colors. Black goats have a dark black coat, while brown goats have a reddish brown coat.


One goat can be housed in a pen of about 5 m² (53 sq. ft.). The floor should be concrete or clay, not straw. A goat can survive with less than 0.5m² (5 sq. ft.) of floor space if they have a large enough hayrack or other elevated platform to sleep on at night, but they need shelter from the elements and predators.


Goats are herbivores, meaning they eat only plants. Their natural diet consists of about 60% grasses and forbs (wildflowers and plants) and 40% browse (leaves of woody plants). Goats are considered browsers if most of their diet is leaves, twigs, or bark rather than grasses.

  • Provide goats with alfalfa hay to ensure proper calcium intake. Alfalfa is a legume that provides protein, which is good for goats or pregnant/lactating. All kidding aside, pregnant or lactating should be fed alfalfa hay.
  • In the summer, goats always need access to water to prevent heat stress. Provide a clean, sanitized water source for your goats.
  • Alfalfa hay and grass hay are both good for goats. Alfalfa hay is a legume (it contains protein), and grass hay is not.

Health management

  • Provide your goat with a good, balanced diet. Goats need a high-quality food source.
  • Check teeth and listen to the stomach to ensure this goat is healthy. At least twice a year, check the teeth of your goats for tartar buildup and parasites.
  • Keep an eye on its stool for signs of illness or to see if it is pregnant. If you do see something unusual such as blood or mucus in the stool, contact your veterinarian as soon as possible for proper treatment.


Dairy goats have been used to produce dairy products for thousands of years. All varieties of goats produce milk and can lactate, although some may take longer than others.

  • Use your goat’s “market value” to negotiate with buyers in your area.
    • In part, marketing will depend on the goat meat market in your area or country. If you cannot reach a buyer for your goat’s meat, consider having your goat slaughtered.
    • If there is a market for dairy products in your area, other options include selling the kids when they are weaned or selling the milk to a local dairy.
    • Be sure to keep good records of care and feeding so you can show buyers that you have taken good care of your goat. Having the right paperwork will help you sell your animal quickly, showing interested buyers that you have been responsible and invested in its care.

Quick Fact Of Black Bengal Goat

Breed nameBlack Bengal goat
Another nameBlack Bengal, Desi
Distinctive featuresBlack Color with long hair
AvailabilityAll over the world
Female5 to 6.5 Kg
Male6 to 7.5 Kg
Age of maturityFemale- 12 months Male -12 months.
Egg laying capacity4 eggs per year
Life Span20 years maximum.
Goat meat productionGoat meat is a delicacy in many countries, particularly in the Middle East and South Asia.


Black Bengal Goat is an excellent species for poverty alleviation in Bangladesh and India. They are very hardy, adapt well to the climate and type of country, and can be used for dairy, meat production, or even pets.

If you do your due diligence before purchasing your goats, give them the care they need while under your care. Thank you for reading this article about Black Bengal Goats.