An Amur Catfish is one of the most widespread fish in the world. It is also known as “Asian Paddlefish” or “Black Paddlefish.”
An Amur Catfish can grow about 1 meter (3 feet) long and weigh over 40 kilograms (88 pounds). They prefer slow-moving, shallow waters with lots of plants.
They eat primarily by sucking up aquatic plants from the bottom, so they have a relatively low impact on the environment.
They are nocturnal, so they rest on the bottom during the day, and they feed primarily at night. Amur Catfish are not endangered because many places (especially in Eastern Europe) have been made to help them survive.
They do not feed on humans and only bite when provoked or if fishing nets pinch their jaws. The species is currently abundant, but it is slow-reproducing. The Amur catfish has been overfished due to its popularity in Asian cuisine.
Amur Catfish Characteristics
Amur Catfish are medium-sized catfish that can live 6-12 years. They have a wide mouth that opens to the side in a U-shape, which helps them swallow large prey like crayfish and frogs.
They also have a keel on the lower portion of their face, which helps make it easier for them to breathe in water with shallow oxygen levels.
They have very poor eyesight and smell, so they use vibrations from other fish to hunt them down as food. They have very sensitive mouths and taste buds.
For this reason, they are very fussy when it comes to food. They primarily feed on aquatic plants at the bottom of water caves, but they can also engulf tiny insects and fish found in the water.
Amur catfish are olive-gray with an area of yellow blotches on their backs. They have thick, almost scaleless skin and a sizeable moist body. The eyes have vertical pupils and are not protected by a transparent membrane.
Behavior and Habitat
Amur catfish primarily feed at night on aquatic plants, which they suck up with the help of their highly sensitive mouths and tongues. They will also eat any insects or small fish that come near them. They are active swimmers but prefer to stay still in the water and wait for other fish to swim by them.
Amur Catfish are omnivores that feed on aquatic plants. They are not picky eaters but prefer eating aquatic vegetation. They also like to feed on invertebrates such as freshwater clams, snails, and crayfish.
Reproduction and Lifespan
Omnivorous catfish have a low reproductive rate to consume as much food as possible. Amur Catfish begin spawning when they are 18 to 24 months old and live up to 12 years in the wild.
Habitat and Distribution
Amur Catfish live in slow-moving streams and rivers of Eastern Europe and Asia. They live in water ranging from 56 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit (13 to 28 degrees Celsius). They can also be found in the Sea of Japan, the Yellow Sea, Baikal Lake, and the Amur River.
Amur Catfish, also known as Asian Paddlefish, live in a wide range of habitats, including shallow streams, rivers, ponds, and brackish water.
They prefer areas with vegetation in their diets, and they consume a wide variety of aquatic plants. They also feed on insects and small fish.
Amur Catfish are omnivores that can exploit the many different habitats they inhabit. Amur Catfish live in pairs or larger groups.
Farming Benefit of Amur Catfish
Here are The Best 10 Tips For Farming Benefits
1. Meat: There are many varieties of Amur Catfish. The meat is white, firm, and juicy, with a subtle flavor described as sweet and mild. Amur Catfish meat is also very healthy for human consumption.
2. Blood Pressure: The blood pressure of the Amur Catfish can be significantly lower than that of a catfish because the fish has a shallow fat content of less than 0.5%. This makes the fish exceptionally qualified for treating hypertension and circulatory disorders.
3. Stimulate the growth of bone tissue: This fish has a vital role in destroying the toxins from the body and maintains better bone density, which is particularly required in women and children
4. Promote kidney function: Amur Catfish has a high protein level and shallow fat, suitable for promoting kidney functions.
5. Improve the immune system: The fish contains high zinc levels, which is good at preventing cancer and infection.
6. Anti-inflammatory properties: The fish has anti-inflammatory properties because it has anti-arthritic effects.
7. Improve sleep patterns: The fish is known to have low blood pressure, which is good for promoting sleep patterns. It can confer a calming effect on the nervous system.
8. Cardiac function: Studies have shown that Amur Catfish has high omega-3 fatty acids and other nutrients such as calcium and iron, essential for maintaining healthy cardiac procedures.
9. Prevention of cancer: The fish also contains high selenium levels, which is known to prevent skin and liver cancer.
10. Improve eyesight: The fish is good for improving sharpness insight because it contains high levels of vitamin A, which is essential for boosting vision at night.
So the Catfish can be a great addition to your farm to improve the health and quality of life of your family, as well as your health.
How big do Amur catfish get?
Amur catfish can grow up to 2.5 meters long and weigh 150 kilos. The fish grows slowly, reaching maturity only after 16 months.
If we look at the diet of Amur catfish, we will see that it is omnivorous and primarily feeds on aquatic plants, which they suck up with the help of their highly sensitive mouths and tongues.
They will also eat any insects or small fish that come near them. They are active swimmers but prefer to stay still in the water and wait for other fish to swim by them.
However, the female Amur catfish care for the eggs until they hatch into larvae. When the young Amur catfish are born, they have a large yolk sac attached to their bellies that helps them survive in water with shallow oxygen levels.
How long can Amur Catfish live?
There are reports that catfish can live up to 12 years in the wild. In captivity, they usually live up to 5 years. There are also reports of natural deaths of mature Amur catfish recorded as high as 18 years old.
Can you eat Amur catfish?
Fresh (frozen) Amur Yes, but the flesh is very mild in flavor. This fish is usually eaten on the half-shell as an appetizer or in soups. Amur Catfish is also sometimes steamed and baked.
Can you eat frozen Amur catfish?
Yes, it can be eaten frozen, but some preparation methods are needed to make it palatable. First, it should be appropriately thawed to avoid consuming all of the texture and feel of a fresh fish.
Next, the frozen catfish should be thawed in small amounts for 10 to 15 days and then can be used for some recipes such as Amur Catfish poke, Amur Catfish cakes, Amur Catfish sushi, etc.
The Amur Catfish has more than 24 different names in different countries. In China, it is called the Grass-skipper. They call it the Taimen in France, and Spain, the Iberian catfish.
It is called the Amur Pike and the Tadpole fish or Kryai Fish in Russia.
It can be found in lakes and slow-moving streams around Russia, China, and North Korea. It is also one of the most delicious fish to eat today.
Cooking fish is easy, and it adapts to many different recipes. Thanks for your time, reading this article about Amur Catfish Farming, mur Catfish